Psalm 45 is a love song written by the psalmist to express his joy in the king’s marriage. Like many of us at weddings, he is overcome with emotion.
“My heart overflows with a good theme, I address my verses to the King. My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. You are fairer than the sons of men. Grace is poured upon Your lips; therefore God has blessed You forever.” (vv. 1-2)
However, as I read this psalm I became confused. Why is it that the NASB capitalizes so many references to the king? I thought capitalized titles were reserved for God in Scripture. Then, I noticed that the psalmist actually calls the king “God” twice in verses 6 and 7. It didn’t make sense to think he suddenly broke off into prayer because it is clear he is still addressing the same subject throughout the entire psalm.
Why would the psalmist refer to the king in God-like language? What is going on here?
If this were the only scripture we had, we would be left wondering about the full meaning of the text. Yet, God does not leave us hanging. The New Testament book of Hebrews gives us the answer and resolves the meaning for us. Hebrews is all about how Jesus Christ is better. He is the better priest. He is better than the angels. He is simply better.
Hebrews 1:8 begins with an unmistakable statement,
“But of the Son He says…”
It is clear that whatever is about to be said is about Jesus, the Son of God. So what does the Bible say about the Son here?
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,
And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.
“You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness;
Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You
With the oil of gladness above Your companions.”
That sounds familiar doesn’t it? It is the exact text from Psalm 45. The psalm alone seems to leave us with a vague king figure that has some titles of God attributed to him. Yet when we get to the New Testament, we see that Psalm 45 is very specific. It is about Jesus.
Therefore, when the psalmist wrote, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever”, he was pointing us to Jesus Christ. Yes, even in the Old Testament we see Jesus. The entire Bible is saturated with Him. Each page, chapter and verse overflows with Jesus. For He alone is king. He is God. His throne is forever and ever.